Lithium Fluoride Operation Disposal And Storage
Lithium fluoride, is a salt, chemical type: LiF, is alkali metal halide, at room temperature for white crystals, insoluble in water. Used in the nuclear industry, enamel industry, optical glass manufacturing, desiccant, flux and so on. It can be crystallized from lithium carbonate or lithium hydroxide and hydrofluoric acid in a lead or platinum dish.
In the ceramic industry, it is used to reduce the temperature of the kiln to improve the thermal shock resistance, wear and acid corrosion. A flux for metal welding with other fluoride, chlorides, and boric acid salts. is the basic component of the electrolytic electrolyte of the fluoride cell. In the high-temperature battery, the molten state is used as the electrolyte component. As a carrier in a breeder reactor. A large number of fluxes and solders used in aluminum and magnesium alloys are also used as additives for improving electrical efficiency in the electrolytic aluminum industry, as a neutron shielding material in the atomic energy industry, as a solvent in molten salt reactors, and as a transparent window for ultraviolet light in optical materials (transmittance 77-88%).
Operation Disposal and storage
Operation Precautions: Airtight operation, local ventilation. Prevent dust from releasing into the air of the workshop. Operators must undergo specialized training, strictly follow the operating procedures. It is recommended that operators wear self priming filter dust masks, wear chemical safety goggles, penetrate the work clothes of anti-virus material and wear rubber gloves. Avoid producing dust. Avoid contact with oxidants and acids. Equipped with leakage emergency treatment equipment. Empty containers may remain harmful.
Storage considerations: Store in a cool, ventilated warehouse. Away from fire and heat. Prevent direct sunlight. Packing seal. Should be stored separately from oxidants, acids, edible chemicals, and avoid mixing. The storage area shall be provided with suitable materials for the reception of leaks.
Leakage emergency treatment
Emergency treatment: Isolate the contaminated areas and restrict access. It is recommended that emergency treatment personnel wear dust masks and wear anti-virus clothing. Do not contact the leak directly.
Small leak: Avoid dust, carefully sweep up, transfer to the safe place.
A large number of leaks: collection, recovery or disposal at waste disposal sites.